GRUP / ARWU
The GRUP Survey collects data on research universities around the world. In 2020, some 443 universities reported their data on students, academic staff and resources. The participating universities form a representative sample set to describe the characteristics of world leading research universities. The annual survey results are combined with other performance indicators developed by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy for these research universities in order to produce comparisons of research universities at a global level. GRUP collects data on quality of education, quality of faculty, and research output.